What are the Different Processes Involved in Scrap Metal Recycling

What are the Different Processes Involved in Scrap Metal Recycling

Scrap metal recycling is advantageous as it can conserve natural resources from being mined.

FREMONT, CA: The metals used to produce cars, trucks, trains, rail tracks, ships, aircraft, white goods, cutlery, pots, and pans are part of daily life. Metal, ferrous and nonferrous, is split into two groups. Steel and iron are ferrous metals, and the nonferrous metals consist of aluminum, copper, and brass.

Steel is 100 percent recyclable and is the world's most recycled commodity per ton. Due to steels' magnetic properties, the sorting of ferrous metals from nonferrous metals is much simpler and less costly than sorting various plastics.

The Process of Metal Recycling

Four steps are involved in the process of metal recycling. Scrap yards collect metal, where it is separated into bins. Any nonferrous metal object that has a steel or iron part is treated as scrap steel. Scrap metal facilities then market the scrap to more prominent super collectors where it is crushed and then melted at high temperatures in furnaces to create blocks, ingots, or sheets that are to be sold to metal product manufacturers.

Here are the metal recycling processes in detail:

Collection and sorting

The selection of all metal items is the first step of metal recycling. Residents of Adelaide carry several metallic products. White products, radiators, steel or alloy wheels, roller shutters, bicycles, and batteries are examples of items brought in for scrap metal recycling. The stainless-steel kitchen sink can also be recycled. Metal goods are sorted into garbage skips, ready to be shipped for recycling to scrap super metal collectors. Due to the increasing demand for scrap metal that has been recycled, scrap metal prices are going up.

Crushing and Shredding

In compactors, scrap metal recycling facilities first crush the metal to be treated better on conveyor belts. Hammer mills then break the metal the size of the hand into bits.


Shredded metal, which distinguishes ferrous and nonferrous metals, is then loaded into magnetic drums. By blowing hot air (550 ° C) via the shredded metal, nonmetallic materials like paint or plastic are eliminated, sucking up the contaminants much like a vacuum.

Melting and Purification

The next move is to melt the various scrap metals in large ovens. Based on its properties, every metal has a specially built furnace. To decrease the amount of energy used and the environmental effects, the furnaces have fuel-efficient regenerative burners. They are also fitted with jet stirrers, which facilitates metal circulation inside the furnaces and ensures an even temperature and composition. The stirring process assures the highest quality end product.

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