Electroplating, also known as electrodeposition, is the process of passing an electric current into an electrolyte solution. This is known as a wash, and it includes the metal layer and dissolved ions of the coating metal.
FREMONT, CA : The method of depositing a thin coating onto the surface of a substrate is known as industrial plating. Electroplating is the most popular form of industrial plating, and it is mainly used to increase surface thickness. Electroplating, also known as electrodeposition, is the process of passing an electric current into an electrolyte solution. This is known as a wash, and it includes the metal layer and dissolved ions of the coating metal.
Various parameters are closely regulated during the electroplating process to keep the process under control. The following are common parameters:
- The bath solution’s composition and purity.
- Bath temperature.
- Duration of the process.
- Amount of voltage and amperage applied.
Rack plating is a technique in which huge, delicate, or complex pieces are hung on a rack and submerged in a plating bath. Barrels plating is another alternative, which includes placing smaller parts within a barrel that is rotated through the plating solution.
Types of Plating Used in Industry
The type of metal used to provide the coating may be used to categorize electroplating further. Tin, copper, zinc, and nickel are common metals, as are various alloys. Take a look at each metal in more detail, including the benefits of plating:
Tin-Tin is a relatively light, malleable metal that is readily available. Tin plating is also more cost-effective than plating with other metals because tin is so readily available. When corrosion protection is required at a low cost, the tin plating process, also known as ‘tinning,’ may be the best choice. Tinting may also be precisely managed to achieve a matte, semi-bright, or bright finish appearance.
Copper-One must be aware that copper is a good conductor of electricity. As a result, copper electroplating is a common metal finish for electronic circuit boards, semiconductors, and other electronic parts and components. Copper is not only extremely conductive, but it also has stronger adhesion.
Zinc-Zinc plating is a relatively inexpensive metal finishing choice because, like tin, zinc is a readily available element. Zinc’s main advantage is that it provides excellent corrosion resistance. Zinc plating is most commonly used to improve corrosion resistance on smaller metallic pieces like nuts, bolts, and screws.